History of the homeschooling movement
Centuries ago, in many countries and cultures, homeschooling was the only option available. Children were educated in a specific skill which would have lead to an occupation later on. For girls it was mainly about cooking, handwork and house management while boys were trained in the skills of the military. This differed from country to country and culture to culture. It was mainly elite groups that had the assistance of outside trainers such as the governess in the Victorian times.
Alexander the Great was homeschooled by Aristotle 2500 years ago and some historic resources see that as the first example of homeschooling. It also shows that many children were homeschooled until the late 19th century when governments introduced legislation that forced parents to send children into public schools.
History shows that the Homeschooling movement as we know it today, is believed to have started around 1960. John Holt’s name appears as the person that initiated the road back to homeschooling. He was a teacher and Ivy League graduate, unhappy with the public school system. Reforming the public schools was an impossible task, so he started looking at homeschooling. He believed learning should be initiated by a child’s natural curiosity and not by a structured system. He wrote and researched this extensively over a period of 20 years.
Raymond Moore was another believer in homeschooling. His arguments against public schooling came from his Christian points of view. He believed parents should be responsible for their children’s education to ensure that the education is morally and spiritually accountable.
Around the early eighties state laws in America that prohibited homeschooling started to change and today homeschooling is an acceptable alternative for parents. Tax regulations changed for Christian schools in the 1980s which resulted in some of the smaller schools closing down. Most of the parents affected by this chose to homeschool their children rather than send them to a public school.
Popularity of the internet has become a major resource for homeschooling parents with useful homeschooling websites and online curriculum. A large number of support groups as well as news letters and other resources make it easy for parents who choose homeschooling.
There are several reasons for the popularity of homeschooling. Parents now have more control over what they wish taught to their children. They are also choosing homeschooling due to religious beliefs as well as the deterioration of discipline in public schools.
Keep watching as history continues to show the increase movement in the homeschooling way!